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项目融资评级方法论

本方法论阐述了标普信用评级(中国)有限公司在为中国开展的项目融资进行评级时所使用 的评级方法。本方法论适用的领域包括:交通基础设施、社会公益性项目、能源和水利基础设施、 以及以大宗商品为基础的项目(如石油、天然气、采矿项目)等。在适当的情况下,本方法论还 可能用于其他行业领域的评级。 
我们在分析项目融资时,通常会采取下列步骤: 
- 评估项目的个体信用状况(SACP)- 通常我们会评估项目建设阶段的SACP和项目运营阶段 的 SACP 并取其低。如果不存在工程建设风险,项目运营阶段的 SACP 一般即为项目的 SACP;
- 考虑交易结构的优势与潜在风险,我们一般会分析的因素包括:其与母公司的关联度;是 否有结构性缺陷;是否有交叉违约和债务加速到期条款;是否为次级债务;是否可能获得 任何的外部支持,例如来自政府的影响等;
- 考虑是否获得信用担保;
- 最后得出项目融资的信用评级。
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