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信用评级基本原则

标普信用评级(中国)有限公司在评定及跟踪信用评级时会遵循一套评级基本原则。本文所述的基本原则普遍适用于所有类型的企业、政府、结构融资产品和其他金融工具。对于某些类型 的发行主体、债券和资产类别,我们会在相关的评级方法论中进一步阐述具体的评级原则。 
我们的评级对象包括发行主体和债项,并旨在提供有可比性的评级。随着中国信用市场的逐步演变,我们可能会根据各行业违约情况的变化及其他因素对评级准则做出调整。 
在对金融企业、非金融企业和政府进行评级时,我们主要分析以下三个方面: 
- 发行主体或债项的个体信用状况(不考虑外部支持);
- 外部支持; 
- 特定证券分析。 
在对结构融资产品进行评级时,我们主要分析以下五个方面: 
- 基础资产信用质量;
- 法律和监管风险;
- 现金流和交易结构;
- 运营和管理风险;
- 交易对手风险。 
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